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ʱ䣺2018-03-31 ķ ҪͶ

ժҪְҵѧУ콡רҵҪ˲гҪҲְҵ˲г߱ԤԵְҵԭij֡ϱְרҵҵйľҵǰ

ؼʡרҵҵ

žõķչҹ渻㣬֮ڸ֬ߵʳ˶ȲϰʽࣻгõķչǾʶǿѹ󣬹ȽǵҲ࣬ӰǵˣԸʽﵽԤ䲢֢ķΪҪĿĽӦ˶ҷչͷǿ˲гһʤνרҵԱȻҹĿǰְҵУûнΪרҵγճ̣ʹְҵͺгְҵ˲г߱ԤԵְҵԭûеԳ֡ΪˣְҵѧУøְרҵӦʵ˲ŽṹЧٴ֮һҲ˲гҪ;

Ϊһſѧ˵ķͲҵǶܶ࣬ӸĽǶ˵Ƚͳһ

⡰ĺҪʶĶ塣֯WHO1948ܷԡĶǣ塢ﵽȫ״̬ûмѣHealthisastateofcompletephysical,mentalandsocialwell-beingandnotmerelytheabsenceofdiseaseordiseaseorinfirmity.EwlesSimnett1985ҲWHOľǽΪ֣һĽ巽ԽĽָʶִ˼Ľָ֪ܱԼָѹɥǵȵʣЧĽָάȺ֮ĻϵǾĽָ˵Ϊԭ򣬼ĵƽ⣬Բ˶ԣָڽеΪĽȺӵĶͬʱ߱ڽ̬ĻУ[1]

Ϊٽ1988֯WHOٽHealthPromotionʹܹӽ֮ƣһ̣Ҫ˺ѧУֱӲɸı䣬ڽĻҵΪһԴԹҵΪȷͶӦڼ֮άԱĽԼηֹ𺦵ĴʩΪԴҪ֮һˣվи߾֮ҵ֯УԱһdzҪ[2]

2ڡо

Ϊһſѧ˵ķҵ1978굮ʱѧEdingtond-Wʿ˽оģҪоʽ˵ĽҽơҽӰ졣ӴˣǶԽάĹעءϺơתƵƵġά͹ϵͳĽ񣬽ķչѸ!7700ڴԼ650֯(HealthManagementOrganization)ҽƷ񣬳9000˳ΪPPOƻ(PreferredProviderOrganization)ߡζÿ10о7н[2]ĽĿǸƽ״ҽƷã뱣ʽܺľִлΪĻҽƻɣרҽԺԼרسչ

յȷ֮ȫΧ𣬳ΪǰҵķչҹĽҵڽ꣬չͷ൱ǿһոйչǰijҵڽҵ20;ʮ2000ǰΪһʽķҵ֣2003ꡰǵ䡱ԺƵǵҰС꣬ҵѾԵԺܲ졣ͨϢռ졢Σٽᴩọ̈̄ԴﵽԤӻͼΣԡƽ״ҽƷÿ֧[3]

ҹ˶ʿоϽ޹˾ܾƺΪһϵͳ̣ͨ졢ָءơһϵиԻ˽״Ԥ⻼ΣԼչƣҪ⣬ȷΣأԤΪķṩָԴﵽ塢Ľʹָܻͬʱͨлҽƻ֯ҽƱṩߵԴΪÿһλ˵ԱҽƱṩϵͳĸԻҽƱʹýϼƻܹķ֧õȫЧķ[4]ָԸ˼ȺĽΣؽȫḶ́Ԥҽѧķ룬ּЧ޵ԴﵽĽЧΪһַǸݸ˵Ľ״ۺΪṩԵĽָʹDzȡжƽ[2]

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