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ʱ䣺2017-05-18 ķ ҪͶ

ժҪѧʹϵоӹŵ侭ѧѾʼžõķչ仯ʹϵӶ䣬ʱʱͣΪ۽оעص㣬ⷽоѾȽϵͳȫ棬ľ͹ʹϵоɹһϵͳĹɺ

Ĺؼʡʹϵ۵㣻

ʹϵʱƶȲͳΪ۽оص㣬ǵ˹ܵĹŵѧɵ˼壬ٵΤ򸾣ٵâ˹ͲֱӲͬĿѧǶȶʹϵо羭ûIJϱ仯ƶȵݱ䡢ķչͼĽȣʹϵҲ֮ԽԽӣµصƣ¹ŵ侭ѧƶȾѧѧɡɸĸѧԼ˼ѧɵҲӲͬӽǶʹϵ˸Եע͡У¹ŵѧɴPҪ׶ٸʱɡmilton friedman,1962Լ˹Ӣjhon M Mth,1981μ¡Ƹƶgeorge gilder,1985ȣѧɶ֯ΪѧߺԴרɣPҪи׵̩ޡѧԭFrederick Taylor,1911Ƥõ³ˡЧĹߡPeter F.Drucker,1974ղAɡߵ¿ѧHerbert Alexander Simon,1977ȣƶѧɴPҪԼRâ˹ƶȾѧ1962ԼKӶ˹ѧ͹Ŀ꡷Galbraith,John Kenneth,1973DCŵ˹ʷеĽṹǨDouglass C.NorthȣɸĸѧҪɿ˹徭ѧɣPҪԼRϣ˹ֵʱJohn Richard Hicks,1939A Ѷɭ÷ĻPaul A.Sanuelson,1947ɪ¿ϡƽЧʡArthur M.Okun,1975ȣ˼ѧɼ̳кͷչ˼ʽ׼ۺй͹˶۹۵㣬ԼΪƵͶϵۣPбްPaul Alexander Baran,1957ξѧлHoward Sherman,1972ξѧܸɭHodgson,Geoffrey M,1982ʱ塢ֵͰȡ

һŵ侭ѧʹϵ

ŵ侭ѧ翪ʼоʹϵ⣬о׷ݵǵ˹ܡǵ˹1776˻ʱľƸʺԭо¼ơۡۡжоǽڶͶֹ۵Ļϵġ˹ڵһƪһϸ˷ֹھеãԿҵΪָ˷ֹԴͶ̶ȵ߲ҿԽʡͶʱ䣬ٽķãӶͶʡҲʶ˷ֹ󣬽׼ìҲڲϼָᣬȻʵзֹȴûƽȵķֹΪ๤ûйͶˣõ淴١˹Ϊ˫ΪķìܣȻϣȡִʩѹ͹˹ʣҲ֮֯ԿǣھϵάҪڹìռơ˹ܲìܵһ棬Ҳʺгһ棬Ϊɾͽʹ֮Ϊؽ䡣رͶȨΪһн̵ƶȸԴͶȨһȨҪԣȨʥַġ

˼ʹϵ

˼ΪͶʱǰᣬƷͨͻͨǾ;߱ʱڵʷֻеϺϵռгҵԼͶɹ˵ʱʱŲ˼ΪʱǴʣֵļֵʣֵĹؼͶΪƷӶ˻תΪʱʵʡҪƷȡüֵǵĻռ߾ͱ˵ͨڼгϷһƷʹüֵгΪֵԴȪĶԣˣʵѱͶĶ󻯣ӶǼֵĴ졣ռгҵһֶصƷͶͶͶΪһɵֻʣ¶Ͷ֧ȨʱͶ߲òгϰԼͶƷӵҪϵʱңӶγʱӶͶϵʱƶУʱͶǶͻģʱӶͶγɵĹԹԱİϵʱϵҪìܣʱ徭ùϵҪݡ

˼ΪְʵʾʱʣͶ޳ռУ˼ʱҹͶĿģĿIJǻʹüֵͬȼֵƷʱĵ㡣һҪнֵʹüֵҪ۵ƷڶҪʹƷļֵƷҪĸƷϺͶΪ˹ǣƷгԤ˱Ļҡļֵܺ͡ҪʹüֵҪƷҪʹüֵҪֵҪֵҪʣֵ ɼʱҰͶĿҪͶʱֵڸʱͶǸ˼˼һʱͶεĶʱΰͶģ˼ʣֵ;ʣֵĸʱͨͶʣͶʱռУĿŵӳ̱ͨҪͶʱӳ˹ʱ䣬ӶʹʣͶʱӵıֶʵʱIJӡʱҶʣֵ̰˶ͶߵĴݲкȨֺԾʣֵΪʱڣ˵״ʮֶӣչӳʹǵĽܵ𺦡ʣֵΪҪʱͶǿˣ˶ʱϵҲԽԽ㡣ʱͻ۹ͬʱҲ޲׼ƶ̡ʱڰͶĹУʹʱԽԽУ޲׼ԽԽ޲Ȼ֮ʱIJԼIJϽҵԹֹҵʹͶֳ˶ƣյ¹ʣ˿ڵIJʱ۵ľԵġһĹɡʱԽ࣬ʣ˿ҲԽ࣬ìҲԽأ˼ΪͶʱĶDZȻģʱķչìܻԽԽڡʱۡжʱͶìܵijͻҲڵһڰ¡ʮº͵жڵʱӢ˵ı˴ƪ档

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